Pension files may contain birth date and place, and the names of the wife and children.
Check for cemetery records with the church, sexton and/or funeral directors. Visit the cemetery and take a picture of the tombstone. Check the obituaries in that time frame.
The method of survey using a combination of directional and distance measurements with references to natural and artificial objects, that define a tract of land is called "Metes and Bounds".
A time line begins with your ancestor's birth and is filled in with various events in his life. Continue to fill this in as information becomes available to provide a picture of your ancestor's life. Several of the genealogy software programs assist you with this.
The Family Group Sheet identifies a couple and their children. Everyone with a spouse or child has two group sheets; one as a child with parents and usually one as a parent with children.